So, you’re curious about what Panama City is famous for? Well, Panama City, the vibrant capital of Panama, is renowned for its intriguing blend of modern skyscrapers and historic landmarks. From the iconic Panama Canal, which connects the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, to its captivating mix of cultures and mouthwatering culinary delights, this cosmopolitan city offers a unique and unforgettable experience. Whether you’re exploring the narrow alleys of Casco Viejo, indulging in a shopping spree at the bustling Avenida Central, or simply soaking up the breathtaking views from the Amador Causeway, Panama City has something for everyone. Get ready to be captivated by the charm and allure of this remarkable city.
This image is property of a.cdn-hotels.com.
History of the Panama Canal
The Panama Canal, one of the world’s greatest engineering marvels, has a fascinating history. It was in 1513 when Spanish explorer Vasco Núñez de Balboa first discovered the narrowest point between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans in present-day Panama. However, it wasn’t until the late 1800s that the idea of creating a canal across this narrow strip of land began to take shape.
The French initially attempted to construct the canal in the late 19th century but faced numerous challenges, including rampant disease and engineering difficulties. The project was eventually halted, but it laid the groundwork for the United States to take over and complete the ambitious endeavor.
In 1904, the United States began construction of the canal, which involved the excavation of over 170 million cubic yards of earth and the creation of an immense system of locks to raise and lower ships between the two oceans. After years of hard work, the Panama Canal was officially opened on August 15, 1914. It quickly became a vital strategic and commercial waterway, connecting nations and revolutionizing global trade.
Importance and impact of the Panama Canal
The Panama Canal’s importance cannot be overstated. Its creation revolutionized maritime trade by providing a crucial shortcut between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, saving ships from having to navigate the treacherous waters around Cape Horn at the tip of South America. This dramatic reduction in travel distance allowed for faster and more efficient global commerce, benefiting economies around the world.
The canal also had a significant impact on the geopolitical landscape. It provided the United States with a strategic advantage, allowing for quicker deployment of naval forces in times of conflict. Additionally, the canal instigated a wave of economic growth in Panama. The revenue generated from tolls and related services has been vital in developing the country’s infrastructure and improving the standard of living for its citizens.
Panama Canal expansion
Recognizing the need to accommodate larger vessels, Panama undertook a massive expansion project on the canal. In 2007, construction began on a new set of locks that would allow for the transit of so-called “New Panamax” ships, with a much greater carrying capacity than the previous limit.
The expansion project was ultimately completed in 2016, doubling the canal’s capacity and opening up new opportunities for global trade. This expansion has positively impacted economies worldwide, particularly those reliant on shipping and maritime commerce.
Tourism at the Panama Canal
The Panama Canal is not only a marvel of engineering but also a major tourist attraction. Visitors from around the world flock to the canal to witness the spectacle of giant ships passing through the locks, experiencing firsthand the incredible feat of human ingenuity.
Tourists can explore the Miraflores Locks Visitor Center and the Panama Canal Museum, where interactive exhibits and displays provide insight into the canal’s history and operations. For a more immersive experience, some visitors even choose to take a boat tour, allowing them to cruise alongside the massive vessels as they navigate through the locks.
From its rich history to its ongoing impact on global trade, the Panama Canal continues to captivate the imaginations of travelers and stand as a testament to human achievement.
History of Casco Viejo
Casco Viejo, also known as the Old Quarter, is a neighborhood in Panama City that dates back to the early 17th century. It was established after the original Panama City, known as Panama Viejo, was destroyed by the pirate Henry Morgan in 1671.
Following the destruction of Panama Viejo, Spanish colonizers relocated the city to its present location, creating Casco Viejo as a fortified settlement. The neighborhood’s architecture reflects a mix of colonial, neoclassical, and French Renaissance styles, showcasing the historical evolution of Panama City.
Architectural highlights of Casco Viejo
Wandering through the narrow streets of Casco Viejo is like stepping back in time. The neighborhood is home to a stunning array of architectural gems, with buildings that have been meticulously restored to their former glory.
With its distinctive red brick and neoclassical design, the Metropolitan Cathedral stands as a prominent landmark in Casco Viejo. Its architectural grandeur is complemented by the nearby National Theater, a magnificent structure that hosts a range of cultural performances.
Another notable building is the Palacio de las Garzas, the official residence of the President of Panama. With its elegant colonial façade and beautiful gardens, it represents both the historical and political significance of the area.
Cultural attractions in Casco Viejo
Casco Viejo is not just a place to admire beautiful architecture; it is also a vibrant hub of culture and creativity. The neighborhood is home to numerous art galleries, showcasing the works of both established and emerging Panamanian artists. Additionally, there are several museums that delve into Panama’s rich history and diverse cultural heritage.
One such museum is the Museum of History of Panama, which provides insights into the country’s storied past through a collection of artifacts and exhibits. The Museum of Afro-Antillean History delves into the contribution of Afro-Caribbean immigrants to Panama’s cultural fabric.
Nightlife in Casco Viejo
As the sun sets over Casco Viejo, the neighborhood comes alive with a vibrant nightlife scene. From trendy rooftop bars with panoramic views of the city skyline to intimate speakeasies tucked away in hidden courtyards, there is something for everyone.
Casco Viejo’s nightlife is characterized by a diverse range of establishments, showcasing different genres of music and atmospheres. Whether you’re in the mood for live jazz, salsa dancing, or simply sipping cocktails under the stars, Casco Viejo has it all.
Biodiversity and Rainforests
Diverse ecosystems of Panama
Although Panama may be small in size, it boasts an incredibly diverse range of ecosystems. Its strategic location, sandwiched between the continents of North and South America, has resulted in a unique blend of flora and fauna.
From rainforests and cloud forests to mangroves and coral reefs, the country offers a wealth of biodiversity. One of the most famous ecosystems in Panama is the Darien Gap, a vast swathe of tropical rainforest that connects Central and South America. This region is home to an astonishing array of species, including many endemic and endangered ones.
National Parks and Reserves in Panama
To preserve this rich biodiversity, Panama has established an extensive network of national parks and reserves. These protected areas provide sanctuary to countless plant and animal species, allowing visitors to experience the country’s natural wonders firsthand.
One such national park is Soberania National Park, located just a short distance from Panama City. It offers nature enthusiasts the opportunity to explore lush rainforests and spot a diverse range of wildlife, including monkeys, sloths, and vibrant bird species.
Other notable parks include Chagres National Park, home to the iconic Panama Canal watershed, and Volcan Baru National Park, where visitors can hike up Panama’s highest peak and be rewarded with breathtaking views stretching all the way to the Pacific Ocean.
Wildlife in Panama
Panama’s incredible biodiversity extends to its wildlife, making it a paradise for animal lovers. The country is home to over 10,000 plant species, 1,500 bird species, and an astonishing variety of mammals, reptiles, and amphibians.
One of the most sought-after wildlife encounters in Panama is with the elusive jaguar, a majestic big cat that roams the country’s rainforests. Other species, such as the three-toed sloth, capuchin monkeys, and toucans, can also be spotted in various national parks.
Moreover, Panama’s marine ecosystems harbor an abundance of marine life, including colorful coral reefs and numerous species of fish. Snorkeling and scuba diving enthusiasts will find themselves immersed in a vibrant underwater world teeming with tropical marine biodiversity.
Given its incredible natural wealth, Panama has embraced ecotourism as a means to protect and showcase its biodiversity. Visitors can participate in a range of activities that encourage sustainable exploration of the country’s ecosystems.
Guided nature hikes, birdwatching tours, and canopy zip-lining experiences offer a chance to immerse oneself in the wonders of the rainforest while minimizing the impact on the environment. Additionally, responsible wildlife viewing tours and snorkeling excursions help foster an appreciation for Panama’s fragile ecosystems.
By engaging in ecotourism activities, visitors can support the conservation efforts in Panama while enjoying unforgettable experiences in the heart of nature.
Popular beaches in Panama City
Panama City, despite being primarily known for its urban infrastructure and the Panama Canal, offers a surprising number of beautiful beaches along its coastline. From calm and tranquil stretches of sand to vibrant beach communities, there is something to suit every beachgoer’s taste.
One popular beach is Santa Clara, located just a short drive from Panama City. Its pristine white sands, clear turquoise waters, and gentle waves make it an ideal spot for swimming, sunbathing, and picnicking. Another renowned beach is Playa Farallón, which offers a more lively atmosphere with beachfront resorts, water sports, and a thriving nightlife scene.
Activities and water sports at the beaches
Panama’s beaches are not just for soaking up the sun; they also provide exciting opportunities for water sports and outdoor activities. From adrenaline-pumping surfing and kiteboarding to leisurely kayaking and paddleboarding, there is something for everyone seeking aquatic adventures.
The warm waters surrounding Panama are home to an abundance of marine life, making snorkeling and scuba diving popular activities. Exploring the colorful coral reefs and swimming alongside tropical fish provides a memorable experience for nature enthusiasts and underwater explorers alike.
For those seeking a more tranquil experience, beach yoga classes, beach volleyball, and horseback riding along the shoreline are also popular activities available at many of Panama’s beaches.
Island getaways near Panama City
Panama City is an excellent starting point for exploring the idyllic islands that dot the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean. These island getaways offer a paradise-like setting, with pristine beaches, crystal-clear waters, and lush tropical landscapes.
One such island is the San Blas archipelago, located in the Caribbean Sea. This group of over 350 islands is home to the indigenous Guna Yala community and is renowned for its unspoiled beauty. Visitors can enjoy snorkeling, kayaking, and island hopping, immersing themselves in the rich Guna culture.
Another popular island destination is Contadora Island in the Pearl Islands archipelago. With its luxury resorts, stunning beaches, and world-class snorkeling and diving sites, it has become a favorite retreat for those seeking a tropical escape.
This image is property of cdn.internationalliving.com.
Signature dishes of Panama City
Panamanian cuisine is a delightful fusion of different culinary traditions, influenced by the country’s diverse cultural heritage. From delicious seafood dishes to hearty stews, Panama City offers a wide range of flavors and culinary experiences.
One signature dish that epitomizes Panamanian gastronomy is Sancocho, a hearty soup made with chicken, vegetables, and herbs. This comforting dish is often enjoyed as a main course and is considered a traditional family meal. Another must-try dish is Ceviche, a refreshing and tangy seafood salad made with fresh fish, lime juice, onions, and cilantro.
For those with a taste for adventure, the famous Arroz con Pato (rice with duck) is a savory delight. This flavorful rice dish, made with tender duck meat and Latin American spices, is a local favorite that showcases the diverse influences present in Panamanian cuisine.
Popular food markets and restaurants
Exploring Panama City’s food markets and dining scene is a must-do for any food lover. The city is home to vibrant marketplaces where visitors can sample fresh produce, local delicacies, and traditional snacks.
The Mercado de Mariscos, or Fish Market, is a bustling hub for seafood enthusiasts. Here, you can savor the catch of the day, including ceviche, fried fish, and shrimp, straight from the sea. The market’s waterfront location adds to the charm, allowing visitors to enjoy their meal with a view of the ocean.
In addition to markets, Panama City offers a diverse range of restaurants, ranging from tiny hole-in-the-wall eateries to fine dining establishments. Casco Viejo, in particular, is known for its thriving culinary scene, offering a wide variety of culinary experiences, from traditional Panamanian cuisine to international fusion dishes.
Influences in Panamanian cuisine
Panamanian cuisine is a melting pot of influences from Africa, Europe, and Indigenous cultures. The country’s location as a crossroads of trade has resulted in a unique blend of flavors and culinary techniques.
African influences are evident in dishes such as Sopa de Mondongo, a traditional tripe soup, and Patacones, fried plantains that are a staple in Panamanian cuisine. European influences, particularly from Spain, can be seen in dishes like Ropa Vieja, a shredded beef stew, and Empanadas, savory pastries filled with meat or cheese.
Indigenous culinary traditions, such as using corn and tropical fruits, contribute to the vibrant flavors found in traditional Panamanian dishes. The result is a culinary landscape that celebrates the diversity of Panama’s cultural heritage.
Shopping and Souvenirs
Malls and shopping centers in Panama City
For avid shoppers, Panama City offers an array of modern malls and shopping centers that cater to diverse tastes and budgets. These multi-level complexes are home to international brands, designer boutiques, and local retailers, providing a shopping experience that rivals major cities around the world.
One of the most popular shopping destinations is Multiplaza Pacific Mall, which hosts a wide selection of high-end fashion brands, luxury goods, and fine dining options. Albrook Mall, on the other hand, is one of the largest shopping centers in Latin America, offering a vast array of shops, from local boutiques to well-known international chains.
Local craft markets and artisanal goods
For those seeking unique souvenirs and handmade treasures, Panama City is also home to numerous craft markets and artisanal shops. These markets provide an opportunity to support local artisans while acquiring one-of-a-kind items that reflect the vibrant culture of Panama.
The Mercado de Artesanías de Panamá, located in the heart of Panama City, showcases the best of Panamanian craftsmanship. Here, visitors can find intricately woven textiles, handmade jewelry, and traditional Panamanian hats, known as “Sombreros Pintados.”
Casco Viejo is another excellent destination for artisanal goods. The neighborhood boasts several boutiques and shops that sell locally made products, including hand-painted ceramics, indigenous art, and fashion items crafted by Panamanian designers.
Traditional souvenirs of Panama
When it comes to traditional souvenirs, Panama offers a range of distinctive items that make for memorable keepsakes. One iconic souvenir to bring back is a Panama hat, despite its misleading name. These finely woven hats, traditionally made from the toquilla palm, are a symbol of Panama’s craftsmanship and timeless style.
Another popular souvenir is the mola, a colorful fabric panel created by the indigenous Guna women. These vibrant textiles, often featuring intricate geometric designs and depictions of animals and nature, are a testament to the rich cultural heritage of Panama.
Other traditional souvenirs include handcrafted wooden objects, such as carved masks and figurines, and indigenous handicrafts like beaded jewelry and woven baskets. These items not only make for unique gifts but also serve as a reminder of the rich cultural tapestry of Panama.
This image is property of a.cdn-hotels.com.
Nightlife and Entertainment
Bars, clubs, and casinos in Panama City
Panama City is a city that knows how to have fun, with a thriving nightlife scene that caters to diverse interests. Whether you’re looking for a laid-back evening at a cozy bar, an energetic night of dancing at a club, or the excitement of a casino, Panama City has it all.
Casco Viejo offers a range of bars and lounges with a trendy and artistic vibe. Enjoy craft cocktails and local beers while soaking up the historic atmosphere and mingling with locals and visitors alike. The neighborhood is also home to several upscale clubs where you can dance the night away to a mix of international and Latin music.
The city’s many casinos offer a different kind of excitement, with the opportunity to try your luck at various table games and slot machines. Some casinos also feature live entertainment, ensuring a lively and memorable night out in Panama City.
Live music and dance performances
Panama City’s vibrant arts and culture scene includes a plethora of live music and dance performances. The city is home to numerous jazz clubs, where talented local and international musicians showcase their skills in an intimate setting.
For those seeking a taste of Panamanian folklore, folkloric dance performances are a must-see. These lively, colorful performances showcase traditional music, costumes, and dances, allowing visitors to immerse themselves in the rich cultural heritage of the country.
Additionally, Panama City hosts various music festivals and cultural events throughout the year, attracting top international artists and showcasing a range of musical genres. From jazz and classical to reggae and salsa, there is always something to suit different tastes and preferences.
Festivals and cultural events
Panama City is a city that loves to celebrate, with a calendar filled with festivals and cultural events that showcase the country’s rich heritage. One of the most anticipated events is the Carnival of Panama, a week-long celebration leading up to Lent. The streets come alive with vibrant parades, music, and dancing, creating a festive atmosphere that permeates the entire city.
Another significant cultural event is the International Film Festival of Panama, which showcases a diverse selection of films from around the world. It brings together filmmakers, actors, and film enthusiasts for a week of cinematic exploration and appreciation.
Throughout the year, Panama City also hosts numerous music festivals, food festivals, and art exhibitions that attract visitors from all corners of the globe. These events provide a unique opportunity to immerse oneself in Panama’s vibrant culture and create lasting memories.
Panama Viejo ruins
Panama Viejo, the original Panama City, is now a UNESCO World Heritage site and home to the ruins of the first European settlement on the Pacific coast of the Americas. Visiting the ruins provides a glimpse into the city’s colonial past and allows visitors to explore the remains of once-grand structures.
Wandering through the ruins, you can see the remains of the Cathedral and its bell tower, as well as the ruins of the convents and the Royal Houses. The archaeological park houses a museum that provides historical context and showcases artifacts from the period.
Museums showcasing Panama’s history
Panama City is home to numerous museums that delve into the rich history and cultural heritage of Panama. The Museum of Panamanian History offers a comprehensive overview of the country’s past, from pre-Columbian times to the present day. Visitors can explore exhibits that cover topics such as the indigenous tribes, Spanish colonial rule, and the modern era.
The Interoceanic Canal Museum provides an in-depth understanding of the history and construction of the Panama Canal. Interactive displays and multimedia presentations bring the canal’s storied past to life, allowing visitors to appreciate the magnitude of this engineering marvel.
For art enthusiasts, the Museum of Contemporary Art showcases a wide range of contemporary artworks by Panamanian artists. The exhibits here provide insight into the country’s evolving artistic landscape and offer a unique perspective on Panama’s cultural identity.
The Cathedral Metropolitana, located in the heart of Panama City, is a significant religious and architectural landmark. Built between 1688 and 1796, it is one of the oldest cathedrals in the Americas and embodies the country’s colonial past.
The cathedral’s grand façade and intricate interior design reflect a blend of architectural styles, including Spanish and neoclassical influences. Its towering spires and ornate altars create a sense of awe and reverence, making it a must-visit for those interested in religious history and architectural beauty.
The Presidential Palace, also known as Palacio de las Garzas, is another iconic landmark in Panama City. This stately building serves as the official residence of the President of Panama and is a symbol of the country’s political power.
While the interior of the palace is not open to the public, visitors can witness the changing of the guard ceremony that takes place outside on weekdays. The ceremony, with its military precision and pomp, is an intriguing display of Panamanian tradition and patriotism.
The palace’s exterior, with its elegant colonial-style façade and beautifully manicured gardens, is a sight to behold. A visit to this historical and political landmark offers a fascinating glimpse into Panama’s governance and national identity.
This image is property of tourscanner.com.
Origin and unique characteristics of Panama hats
While Panama hats have become synonymous with Panama, their origin lies in Ecuador. These finely woven hats, made from the leaves of the toquilla palm, have been worn for centuries as protection against the equatorial sun.
The hats gained international recognition during the construction of the Panama Canal when workers from around the world saw Panama locals wearing them. Due to this misconception, the hats became known as Panama hats even though their true origins lay in Ecuador.
Panama hats are known for their exceptional craftsmanship and lightweight construction. They are finely woven, flexible, and breathable, making them perfect for tropical climates. The quality of Panama hats is determined by the tightness of the weave and the number of weaves per square inch.
Different styles and materials used
Panama hats come in various styles and grades, ranging from casual to formal. The Montecristi super fino is considered the finest and most exquisite grade, featuring an intricate weave and superior quality. These hats are meticulously crafted by skilled artisans and can take months to complete.
Less expensive grades, such as the plantilla and the sutil, also offer excellent quality and craftsmanship. These hats are more readily available and appeal to a broader range of buyers.
Panama hats can be found in a range of styles, including the classic fedora, the wide-brimmed Panama hat, and even fashionable designs adorned with ribbons and unique embellishments. The hats come in natural straw colors, but dyeing and bleaching techniques allow for a variety of hues to suit individual preferences.
Popular places to buy Panama hats
To experience the artistry and authenticity of Panama hats, Panama City offers numerous places to purchase these coveted accessories. From specialty hat shops to local markets, options abound for hat enthusiasts.
The Mercado de Artesanías de Panamá, mentioned earlier, is an excellent place to discover a diverse range of Panama hats. Here, you can find hats of different grades and styles, sold directly by local artisans.
Casco Viejo is another destination where you can find hat boutiques and shops. These establishments often carry a range of high-quality Panama hats, allowing visitors to browse different styles and find the perfect hat to complement their personal style.
By investing in a genuine Panama hat, visitors not only acquire a unique and stylish accessory but also support the artisans who have dedicated their lives to preserving this traditional craft.
Modern architecture and skyscrapers
Panama City’s skyline is a testament to its rapid development and economic growth. The cityscape is characterized by tall, sleek skyscrapers that dominate the horizon, reflecting the modernity and ambition of the city.
One iconic skyscraper is the Tornado Tower, also known as the F&F Tower or the “Screw Tower.” Its distinctive helical design sets it apart from other buildings and has become an architectural symbol of Panama City. The skyscraper houses luxury apartments, offices, and a modern shopping mall.
Another notable building is the Trump Ocean Club International Hotel and Tower. This striking waterfront tower features luxurious amenities, including a casino, restaurants, and a 5-star hotel, making it a symbol of opulence and sophistication in Panama City.
Views from rooftop bars and observation decks
Panama City offers stunning panoramic views from its rooftop bars and observation decks, allowing visitors to take in the magnificent skyline from above. These elevated vantage points provide a unique perspective on the city’s vibrant energy and architectural beauty.
One popular rooftop bar is at the Hard Rock Hotel Panama Megapolis, which offers a breathtaking 360-degree view of the city and the Panama Canal. Here, visitors can sip cocktails and soak in the sunset while enjoying the dazzling lights of the city below.
For a different perspective, the Miraflores Locks Visitor Center at the Panama Canal provides an opportunity to witness the intersection of modern engineering and natural beauty. From the observation deck, visitors can marvel at the colossal lock gates and watch as massive ships navigate the canal, giving them a glimpse into one of the world’s busiest waterways.
Iconic buildings in Panama City
Panama City boasts iconic buildings that have become symbols of the city’s architectural prowess and progress. One such landmark is the Biomuseo, a colorful and avant-garde structure designed by renowned architect Frank Gehry. This museum of biodiversity showcases Panama’s unique ecosystem and is instantly recognizable for its striking and imaginative design.
Another iconic building is the Fábrica de Nacional de la Cerveza, a former brewery now transformed into a cultural center. The building’s red-brick façade and industrial charm pay homage to Panama’s industrial heritage while providing a venue for art exhibitions and cultural events.
As the city continues to evolve and embrace modernity, more architectural marvels are being developed. Panama City’s iconic buildings not only serve as landmarks and sources of civic pride but also contribute to its status as a global destination for architecture and design enthusiasts.
In conclusion, Panama City offers a captivating blend of history, natural beauty, vibrant culture, and architectural marvels. From the engineering wonder of the Panama Canal to the colonial charm of Casco Viejo, visitors can immerse themselves in a multitude of experiences that span centuries and showcase Panama’s remarkable diversity. Whether exploring the abundant biodiversity in the rainforests, enjoying the sun-drenched beaches, indulging in delectable cuisines, or immersing oneself in the vibrant nightlife, Panama City is a destination that leaves a lasting impression.
This image is property of upload.travelawaits.com.